geo101 mod5 peer response 200 words each

Please respond to both the Professors Comments: to my original post and POST2: in at least 200 words.

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My original post:

The Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf, which is also known as the Arabian Gulf, is located in the Middle East and is a strategic military and economic area. Its importance is related to the fact that the gulf is a rich oil and gas reserve. Nations neighboring this feature are Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, and the UAE. Notably, it is approximately 990 km in length, 370 km in width, and 36 m in depth (Kampf & Sadrinasab, 2006). Its total surface area is approximated at 36 m.

The Persian Gulf is utilized as a water in which persons and goods are transported from one part to another. It is, therefore, critical to transportation services in the area. Besides, the feature is a source of oil and gas hence its economic importance. For instance, according to Robert Strauss Centre for International Security Law (2019), the Persian Gulf accounted for the production of 23.6 million barrels daily in 2006.

The most significant environmental issues affecting the feature include rapid coastal developments and land-based pollution. The problems have adversely impacted ecosystems, urging the responsible parties to develop measures needed to preserve the gulf (Bayani, 2016). Countries around the region are mobilizing resources to prevent further pollution and improve the situation. For instance, the Kuwait Convention and Protocol is among the provisions enacted to prevent marine life in the Persian Gulf. Indeed, the Persian Gulf is important to the nations in the Middle East because it is a rich source of natural resources and facilitates transport. Hence, stakeholders need to employ more aggressive conservation measures on the gulf.


Kampf, J., & Sadrinasab, M. (2006). The circulation of the Persian Gulf: a numerical study. Ocean Science, 2(1), 27-41.

Robert Strauss Centre for International Security Law (2019). Oil in the Persian Gulf. Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)

Bayani, N. (2016). Ecology and environmental challenges of the Persian Gulf. Iranian Studies, 49(6), 1047-1063

Professors Comments:

Thank you for kicking off our discussion this week with the Persian Gulf. You mentioned that its surface area is about 36 m. But at 36 meters, that would make it the size of a large swimming pool. Is it possible the number is a bit larger? Or are there different units?

According to this article in the Tehran Times (Links to an external site.), scientists project that 20% of the Gulf’s species may be extinct by 2100. Why might this happen, according to this article? In your opinion, do you think this can be prevented? If so, what actions ought to be taken above and beyond what is being done now to conserve this marine ecosystem?


The Gulf of California

Between Mexico and the Baja Peninsula is the Gulf of California, also known as the Sea of Cortez, which stretches approximately 700 miles wide and is the ninth-largest body of water in the world. The Colorado River empties into the Gulf at its northern point and to the east the Mexican bodies of water the Sinaloa River, Mayo River, Sonora River, Fuerte River, and Yaqui Rivers.

Geologically speaking, the Gulf of California is young and formed between 5 and 10 million years ago when Baja California broke away from the mainland of Mexico due to tectonic activity. It is located at the northern point of the East Pacific Rise, an underwater mountain range and a divergent plate boundary. Located at the Gulf of California the North American and Pacific plates are moving sideways past one another causing transform faults including the San Andreas Fault affecting much of California.

French explorer, Jacques Cousteau, described the Gulf of California as “the world’s aquarium” (WWFN, 2019) because of the diversity of its marine life. The Gulf is the breeding area for the largest marine mammal on Earth, the blue whale and home to more than 900 species of fish, and 7 species of endangered sea turtles.

Coastal development and overfishing are two of the biggest threats to the health of the Gulf of California. It is a popular vacation spot encouraging the construction of vacation resorts that have the potential to harm coral reefs and fisheries. The Gulf is also the source of 75 percent of Mexico’s annual fish catch, but overfishing is causing a decline in sharks, rays, fish stocks, and crustaceans (MBAQRI, 2002).

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWFN) is doing what they can to raise funds for research and protection of the marine life in the Gulf. They are tagging the marine life, creating safer fishing equipment, and helped to create several protected areas within the Gulf. Mexico has also established protected areas such as the Isla of Rada because it is a breeding ground for gulls.


Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. (2002). The geological setting of the Gulf of California. Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)

World Wide Fund for Nature. (2019). Retrieved from

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