Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorder
Grand Canyon University
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Professor Van Wynsberg
April 3, 2022
Anxiety is immoderate, and continuous fear due to uncertainties in life. Some of the signs of anxiety include vigorous heartbeat, increased breathing rate, and a lot of sweating. Anxiety is normal in the life of a human being because we usually come across worrying situations. Anxiety is useful in realizing dangerous conditions and one can run away from the problem. In times of danger, the brain sends a signal to the pituitary gland to release the hormone adrenaline that helps us respond to the situation. Symptoms can be physical, behavioral, or mental. Some of them include being obsessed with flashbacks, having nightmares, being unable to be calm, having a lot of panic, and lack of sleep. Anxiety can be diagnosed by seeking advice from medical professionals. Treatments for anxiety include anti-anxiety medication, antidepressants, and the use of beta-blockers. It can also be treated through therapy and psychotherapy. Anxiety can lead to underperformance in school, family, and social gatherings. Anxiety sometimes might occur in normal situations like speaking and doing a test (Carpenter et al., 2018).
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is caused by the act of having recurrent thoughts and worries (obsession) which is a result of repeated responses (compulsion). Obsessive compulsion occurs when you do something but the mind still urges you to go and check whether you have done it right or to go and do it again due to the fear and doubt of being fully satisfied. Some of the signs of obsessive compulsion disorder include constant checking of a situation, repetitive confirmation, an urge of being orderly, and having many thoughts. Compulsions and obsessions are the primary symptoms of this disorder. The resultant behavior is because of fear maybe that something might occur. Diagnosis for obsessive-compulsive disorder requires a medical examination to determine the symptoms. Research has shown that for diagnosis to be done, one must have obsession, compulsions, or both (Hirschtritt et al., 2017). This disorder cannot be cured but it can be managed through medication, psychotherapy, relaxation, neuromodulation, or transcranial magnetic stimulation. This disorder makes one develop repetitive behavior like washing hands repetitively, checking whether the door is closed, or even arranging items severally.
The related disorder also known as the somatic disorder is the condition that causes physical symptoms like pain as a result of psychological factors. It is very hard to determine the real cause of this disorder and it requires several medical examinations to determine the cause. Individuals with related disorders are always worried because they are unsure of their illness. The patient experiences a lot of pain that hurt them greatly thus making them feel worried. Research has shown that there are no specific symptoms that can be used to conclude that a person has a related disorder. Diagnosis of this disorder requires the patient to visit the physician constantly to help in checking the symptoms. Treatments include advice and continuous monitoring of the disorder by the doctor. It also involves psychotherapy whereby the patient is talked to help them be positive about the disorder and learn ways of surviving with the disorder (Simha et al., 2021).
Cultural Implications of Anxiety
Anxiety is directly influenced by the social background where a person comes from. Every society has its norms and beliefs about anxiety. Ethnic and cultural factors determine the context to which a person is exposed. The perception of anxiety varies from one society to another. a society where anxiety is a common disorder can result in a society where most people can be able to explain the disorder. Anxiety in society is determined by factors like collectivism, gender roles, and social norms perception. The way people are brought up and where they live to determine their perception of anxiety. For example, Asia has one of the lowest social anxiety disorder rates whereas Russia and United States have the highest social anxiety disorder rates (Malik., 2021). Before determining the symptoms of anxiety, the society from which a person comes should be considered. This is because the context of anxiety is a basis of cultural factors which can directly determine the symptoms of the disorder.